The Charter of the United Nations was officially signed on 26 June 1945, but the United Nations did not come into existence until 24 October 1945. Why?
Last Updated: Nov 28, 2016
The United Nations did not come into existence at the signing of the Charter. The Charter of the United Nations is an international treaty and therefore, as a treaty, it needed to be ratified by the signatory states. Article 110 of the UN Charter, which deals with the entry into force criteria, stipulates that the Charter would come into force when the Governments of China, France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, the United States and a majority of the other signatory states had ratified it and deposited notification to this effect with the State Department of the United States. On October 24, 1945, this condition was fulfilled, the UN Charter entered into force, and the United Nations came into existence.
Chapter XIX of the UN Charter, which includes Articles 110 and 111, deals with the ratification and the signature of the UN Charter.
Following the original signing of the Charter, Article 4 of the Charter allowed for other states to become members of the United Nations. Additionally, the Charter has been modified three times since: in 1963, 1965, and 1971. More information about the status of the Charter and the subsequent amendments can be found in the Status of Treaties database from the UN Treaty Information website.
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