On what basis was Security Council permanent membership granted?
Last Updated: Apr 26, 2018
Article 23 of the Charter of the United Nations states that "the Republic of China, France, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America shall be permanent members of the Security Council".
At the end of the World War II, the 5 permanent members were major powers among victorious allies and predominant actors in international relations. They were active in the negotiations that led to the adoption of the UN Charter which established the organization.
Article 23 results from these negotiations. To find in-depth information on the drafting of Article 23 consult the following resources:
- Resources on the drafting of the Charter including the San Francisco Conference proceedings,
- Secondary sources including key reference books on the Security Council.
Disclaimer: answers are prepared by library staff using resources available at the time of writing. This site may include links and references to third-party databases, websites, books and articles, this does not imply endorsement by the United Nations.